Thermal conductivity of both dry and fully water (brine solution, 5 g/l NaCl concentration) saturated rocks have been measured for 35 sandstone core samples obtained from both Hungary and Egypt. Measurements are executed in order to look for thermal anisotropy. The rock porosity, permeability and density were measured beside thermal conductivity, while some correlations were performed in order to differentiate among clayey laminated, flaser bedding and clean sandstone reservoirs. There is a very close correlation
among thermal conductivity, rock porosity, bulk density, gas permeability and ultrasonic wave velocities for non laminated clean sandstones, while in banded sandstone reservoirs these relations show more than one trend giving a strong impression indicating the presence of more than one grain–fabric system and/or complex diagenesis. The relationship among the measured thermal conductivity for the core axis, the top and bottom are close and homogeneous for isotropic clean non laminated Szolnok sandstones, while they are vary in a wide range for banded and laminated Bahariya sandstone samples. The measured specific heat capacity indicates that some banded sandstone samples of the Bahariya Formation have bound water appears at 100 °C and giving low specific heat capacity value. This bound water can acted on all petrophysical parameters especially electrical properties. The prediction of specific heat capacity and heat flow from the reservoir temperature is possible using the calculated multi-regression and linear regression models.